Many people start the year new full of good intentions to create and maintain a healthier lifestyle and so Bay Health and Care Partners (BHCP) are encouraging people to eat well and take up more physical activity.
Nearly two-thirds of adults in England were classed as being overweight (a body mass index of over 25) or obese (a BMI of over 30) in 2015.
In England, the proportion of people who were categorised as obese increased from 13.2% of men in 1993 to 26.9% in 2015 and from 16.4% of women in 1993 to 26.8% in 2015. The rate of increase has slowed down since 2001, although the trend is still upwards.
David Walker, Medical Director at University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust (UHMBT) said; “If you eat too many foods that are high in fat and sugar, and you're not as active as you should be, you're more likely to put on weight. Becoming overweight or obese increases your risk of getting type 2 diabetes, heart disease and some cancers.
“Too much sugar can lead to the build-up of harmful fat on the inside of our bodies that we can't see.
“There are different kinds of fat in the food we eat – saturated and unsaturated fat. We need some fat to help our bodies absorb vitamins and stay healthy. But we shouldn't have too much, especially saturated fat as this can raise our cholesterol, leading to serious problems such as a heart attack or stroke.
“Too much salt can raise your blood pressure, which puts you at increased risk of health problems, such as heart disease and stroke. You don't have to add salt to food to be eating too much. Did you know 75% of the salt we eat is already in everyday foods including bread, breakfast cereal and ready meals?”
Within a healthy, balanced diet, a man needs around 2,500kcal a day to maintain his weight. For a woman, that figure is around 2,000kcal a day. These values can vary depending on age, metabolism and levels of physical activity, among other things.
To stay healthy or improve health, adults need to do two types of physical activity each week: aerobic and strength exercises. How much physical activity you need to do each week depends on your age. For advice regarding the amount of physical activity for your age visit: https://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/physical-activityguidelines-for-adults.aspx
With all this evidence BHCP are encouraging the public to eat a well-balanced diet and participate in the recommended weekly exercise in order to create or maintain a healthier lifestyle.